TYPES OF MOSQUITOES
Mosquitoes are just a tiny, pesky blood sucking insects, their buzzing sound and stingy bites make us think about them. They carry fearful and life menacing diseases. Every year a million people die from the mosquito borne diseases. Mosquitoes act as a parasite carrier that humans can contract from their bites.
Mosquitoes are found almost everywhere in the world and bread where the climate is more welcoming and friendly for them. Heavy rainfall or floods can lead to ideal breeding conditions for mosquitoes and they affect the entire population on the large scale in many ways. There are many viral diseases that humans can contract from a single mosquito bite, among all the mosquito borne diseases malaria is the most common, but other mosquito borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, Chikungunya, Zika and many more, are equally life threatening.
Roughly there are 2700 species of mosquitoes all over the world, but Aedes, Anopheles and Culex are the most unusual genera. This genera is more responsible for spreading various hazardous diseases among the humans.
This genus of mosquito is most accountable for spreading malaria, which can be fatal. Anopheles mosquitoes thrive generally near swamps, ponds, rain pools and the area rich in wild plants, some species prefer sunlight and some enjoy the shades.
It is one of the most dangerous types because it feeds on the human blood and causes most deadly diseases such as dengue fever, yellow fever and elephantiasis. Some species of Aedes can be found in temperate, tropical or subtropical zones, but now it is present in every continent.
This genus of mosquitoes is less dangerous for humans, but dangerous for animals and birds and have some contribution in spreading of malaria, filariasis, and encephalitis in the humans.
HOW MOSQUITOES AFFECT?
Mosquitoes have huge impact upon our daily lives. They not only cause local skin irritation, but also transmit the diseases, since they act as a disease carrier and feed on an already infected person that may be passed on to the healthy one through mosquito bites. In India, some of these include malaria, dengue, Chikungunya and yellow fever and such types of diseases are known as “mosquito-borne diseases” that can make people ill, organ failure and even can cause death in severe cases. Apart from all these diseases, mosquitoes can ruin recreational activities and outdoor sports and the high level of mosquitoes can cause threat to livestock as well.
Day-by-day human illnesses are becoming more common from mosquito-borne viruses and it is going to be a major concern globally as these diseases are spreading even in the areas where they have not been reported earlier.