What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)? How much dangerous it is?

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)? How much dangerous it is?


What is Ebola Virus?

Ebola Virus is a deadly which is the sole member of Zaire ebola virus species. Formerly known as Zaire Ebola Virus, it first appeared in Democratic Republic of the Congo situated on the banks of Ebola river, previously known as Zaire. This virus got its name from Ebola river in 2002 by a team of researchers who were studying its nature and effects.

What is Ebola Virus Disease?

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a affects both humans and non-humans such as gorillas, Fruitsbat, Chimpanzees, monkeys etc. This disease is also known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF). It is one of the various Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) which is caused by infection with a virus of the Filoviridae family, genus Ebolavirus.

Symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease

When Ebola Virus attacks a persons immunity system, its effects can be seen from anywhere between two days to three weeks.

  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Sore Throat
  • Muscles Pains
  • Weakness
  • Stomach Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea etc.

EVD has about 90% of death rate and currently it is one of the most infectious virus-inflected disease in the world.

List of the Countries Suffering by EBOLA Virus

  • Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)
  • Sudan (South Sudan)
  • South Africa Uganda
  • Guinea
  • Genus Ebolav
  • Liberia
  • Sierra Leone
  • England
  • US
  • Philippines
  • Italy
  • Gabon
  • Ivory Coast

How Ebola Virus Attacks a Human Body

It spreads through human to human via broken skin or mucous membranes with the organs, secretions, blood, or other bodily fluids of infected people, and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids.

World Health Organization has launched $100 million for protection against this virus. Till 6 Aug 2014, 1779 cases of Ebola have been reported to the WHO and around 1000 people have been dead already.

Indians should not dread this virus as they are very far from those infectious countries while more than 45000 people are living in those countries but they all are safe.
Note: There is no authorized vaccine available for Ebola Virus but many research team form various countries are testing.